Here's what it takes to build a Docker image: a Dockerfile!
Dockerfiles are simple...
Dockerfile has a simple and understandable format. Choose a base for your image, add files, run commands and you're good to go. Here's an example:
FROM ubuntu RUN apt-get -y install python ADD ./a-file /app/a-file
...perhaps too simple?
Often times building a real world application takes much more than following simple
RUN steps in a step-by-step fashion. You might want to:
- Pull code from a private git repository and therefore need your private SSH key in the image during build
- Add compile-time libraries to your image but don't need them in run-time
Also, how about those "post-build" steps like uploading your compiled executables to S3 or resetting your exception handling system after a successful build and release?
Habitus is our answer to these issues. We built it for ourselves and are releasing it as open source for everyone to enjoy, contribute and make their own.
What is Habitus?
Habitus is a build flow tool for Docker. It lets you combine multiple Dockerfiles into a complex build and deployment flow.
Combining your Dockerfiles with a single yaml file called
build.yml gives you a lot of power and flexibility. Here's an example of a
build: version: 2016-02-13 // version of the build schema. steps: - builder: name: builder dockerfile: Dockerfile.builder artifacts: - /go/src/github.com/cloud66/iron-mountain/iron-mountain - /go/src/github.com/cloud66/iron-mountain/config.json - /go/src/github.com/cloud66/iron-mountain/localhost.crt - /go/src/github.com/cloud66/iron-mountain/localhost.key cleanup: commands: - rm -rf /root/.ssh/ - deployment: name: ironmountain dockerfile: Dockerfile.deployment depends_on: - builder - uploader: name: uploader dockerfile: Dockerfile.uploader depends_on: - ironmountain command: s3cmd --access_key=_env(ACCESS_KEY) --secret_key=_env(SECRET_KEY) put /app/iron-mountain s3://uploads.aws.com
Now we can run this with Habitus:
$ habitus -f build.yml -e ACCESS_KEY=$ACCESS_KEY -e SECRET_KEY=$SECRET_KEY
Here's what's going to happen:
- Habitus runs each step with the Dockerfile specified in that step.
- If any
artefactsare specified, they'll be copied from the built image onto the work directory, so they'll be available to the next steps.
commandswill run after build. This will result in 'squashing' the image, therefore removing any traces of the unwanted layers. This is particularly useful to get rid of compile time packages or private SSH keys.
- If a
commandis specified, it will run in the build container. This can be a step to upload build artefacts to a we server.
What else can it do?
Habitus can do more than just running build steps. It can:
- Automatically detect that a step uses another step as the base image
FROMand amend the image tags
- Build complex build dependency tree and run independent steps in parallel
- Pass environment variables into the build
Multiple instances of Habitus can run in parallel on the same build using unique session IDs. This is useful if you would like to use Habitus for your automated build server.
Where can I find out more?
You can read more about Habitus on its website.
Is it free?
Yes! Habitus is free and open source.
Who's behind Habitus?
Habitus is an open source project sponsored by Cloud 66. Fork, modify and conquer, then let us know what you think!
Watch our talk about Habitus at the DigitalOcean Meetup in New York.